Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Radley Balko on CATO & REASON

Via Facebook:
Radley Balko You're onto them, Douglas. Obviously, the most pressing issue with current drug war is who is responsible for for its inception at the beginning of the 20th century. And Reason and Cato have ignored this because are firmly ensconced in the pockets of the 1906 tobacco companies. And they would've gotten away with it if it weren't for your detective skills!
Thursday at 8:15pm · · 14

Alas they are STILL getting away with it- at least as I am the ONLY person writing about it...

Sunday, February 19, 2012

The 'Elephant in the Living Room' of anti Coca pro Tobacco Protectionism

Licit & Illicit Drugs, by Edward M. Brecher and Consumers Reports at page 230 showing upturns in cigarette use following the times of the 1906, 1914 and 1937 U.S. 'drug control laws'

Just look at that graph of cigarette production on page 230 of Licit & Illicit Drugs; EACH upturn in production -- note that it was relatively flat from the 1880s introduction of industrialized cigarette rolling machines -- until what we can call the 1906 Tobacco Market Protection Act, officially known as the 1906 'Pure' Foods and Drugs Act, and subsequently the continuations of such represented by the 1914 Harrison "Narcotics" Tax Act, and the 1937

This represented utterly unconstitutional usurpation for high level organized crime, and an enormous crime against humanity health wise, and human rights wise.

A usurpation of powers into the hands of a federal agency -- the U.S. Department of Agriculture -- set up to promote US domestic agriculture and hence establish a conflict of interest to ban foreign yet safer natural substances, to wit Coca Leaf- and doing so after expressing a clear interest in ascertaining whether Coca and other "drug" crops including Opium, and Indian Hemp were commercially feasible as U.S. domestic crops.

It was a clear abuse of the congress's constitutionally granted power to "regulate" interstate commerce. Yet its sly exemption of tobacco indicates it was an unconstitutional, a denial of equal protection and as an establishment of a religion of Tobacco Tea and Coffee, with severe costs.

The last bottle of Vin Mariani in the U.S.?

It banned the safest and most beneficial agricultural stimulant -- Coca Leaf -- for the sake of protecting and promoting the most dangerous -- Tobacco, particularly that agribusiness creation of Virginia Bright Leaf Tobacco for a smoother smoke for deep and repeated inhalation, resulting in countless billions in added costs attributed separately to the drug war and to cigarettes that together represent a major 'elephant in the living room' of the anti-Coca Tobacco Mercantilism.

Obama Worse Than Bush on MJ

Richard Raznikov 2012-02-18 19:29

"No acceptable medical use" for marijuana, at the same time the federal government is applying for patents on it. In the government's patent application, it cites 28 medical and scientific studies which show positive benefits to cannabinoids. Check out the patent application, number 6630507; it's online. Here's the only difference: the government doesn't want anyone obtaining help without a fat profit for the pharmaceutical companies. This is really an ugly story and this President is a fraud.

Obama's War on Pot

By Tim Dickinson, Rolling Stone

18 February 12
In a shocking about-face, the administration has launched a government-wide crackdown on medical marijuana.
ack when he was running for president in 2008, Barack Obama insisted that medical marijuana was an issue best left to state and local governments. "I'm not going to be using Justice Department resources to try to circumvent state laws on this issue," he vowed, promising an end to the Bush administration's high-profile raids on providers of medical pot, which is legal in 16 states and the District of Columbia.

But over the past year, the Obama administration has quietly unleashed a multiagency crackdown on medical cannabis that goes far beyond anything undertaken by George W. Bush. The feds are busting growers who operate in full compliance with state laws, vowing to seize the property of anyone who dares to even rent to legal pot dispensaries, and threatening to imprison state employees responsible for regulating medical marijuana. With more than 100 raids on pot dispensaries during his first three years, Obama is now on pace to exceed Bush's record for medical-marijuana busts. "There's no question that Obama's the worst president on medical marijuana," says Rob Kampia, executive director of the Marijuana Policy Project. "He's gone from first to worst."

The federal crackdown imperils the medical care of the estimated 730,000 patients nationwide - many of them seriously ill or dying - who rely on state-sanctioned marijuana recommended by their doctors. In addition, drug experts warn, the White House's war on law-abiding providers of medical marijuana will only drum up business for real criminals. "The administration is going after legal dispensaries and state and local authorities in ways that are going to push this stuff back underground again," says Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Drug Policy Alliance. Gov. Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, a former Republican senator who has urged the DEA to legalize medical marijuana, pulls no punches in describing the state of affairs produced by Obama's efforts to circumvent state law: "Utter chaos."

In its first two years, the Obama administration took a refreshingly sane approach to medical marijuana. Shortly after Obama took office, a senior drug-enforcement official pledged to Rolling Stone that the question of whether marijuana is medicine would now be determined by science, "not ideology." In March 2009, Attorney General Eric Holder emphasized that the Justice Department would only target medical-marijuana providers "who violate both federal and state law." The next morning, a headline in The New York Times read OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO STOP RAIDS ON MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSERS. While all forms of marijuana would remain strictly illegal under federal law - the DEA ranks cannabis as a Schedule I drug, on par with heroin - the feds would respect state protections for providers of medical pot. Framing the Obama administration's new approach, drug czar Gil Kerlikowske famously declared, "We're not at war with people in this country."

That original hands-off policy was codified in a Justice Department memo written in October 2009 by Deputy Attorney General David Ogden. The so-called "Ogden memo" advised federal law-enforcement officials that the "rational use of its limited investigative and prosecutorial resources" meant that medical-marijuana patients and their "caregivers" who operate in "clear and unambiguous compliance with existing state law" could be left alone.

At the same time, Ogden was concerned that the feds not "be made a fool of" by illegal drug traffickers. In that vein, his memo advised U.S. attorneys to focus on going after pot dispensaries that posed as medicinal but were actively engaged in criminal acts, such as selling to minors, possession of illegal firearms or money-laundering. The idea, as Holder put it, was to raid only those hardcore traffickers who "use medical-marijuana laws as a shield."

The Ogden memo sent a clear message to the states: The feds will only intervene if you allow pot dispensaries to operate as a front for criminal activity. States from New Mexico to Maine moved quickly to license and regulate dispensaries through their state health departments - giving medical marijuana unprecedented legitimacy. In California, which had allowed "caregivers" to operate dispensaries, medical pot blossomed into a $1.3 billion enterprise - shielded from federal blowback by the Ogden memo.

The administration's recognition of medical cannabis reached its high-water mark in July 2010, when the Department of Veterans Affairs validated it as a legitimate course of treatment for soldiers returning from the front lines. But it didn't take long for the fragile federal detente to begin to collapse. The reversal began at the Drug Enforcement Agency with Michele Leonhart, a holdover from the Bush administration who was renominated by Obama to head the DEA. An anti-medical-marijuana hard-liner, Leonhart had been rebuked in 2008 by House Judiciary chairman John Conyers for targeting dispensaries with tactics "typically reserved for the worst drug traffickers and kingpins." Her views on the larger drug war are so perverse, in fact, that last year she cited the slaughter of nearly 1,000 Mexican children by the drug cartels as a counterintuitive "sign of success in the fight against drugs."

In January 2011, weeks after Leonhart was confirmed, her agency updated a paper called "The DEA Position on Marijuana." With subject headings like THE FALLACY OF MARIJUANA FOR MEDICINAL USE and SMOKED MARIJUANA IS NOT MEDICINE, the paper simply regurgitated the Bush administration's ideological stance, in an attempt to walk back the Ogden memo. Sounding like Glenn Beck, the DEA even blamed "George Soros" and "a few billionaires, not broad grassroots support" for sustaining the medical-marijuana movement - even though polls show that 70 percent of Americans approve of medical pot.

Almost immediately, federal prosecutors went on the attack. Their first target: the city of Oakland, where local officials had moved to raise millions in taxes by licensing high-tech indoor facilities for growing medical marijuana. A month after the DEA issued its hard-line position, U.S. Attorney Melinda Haag warned the city that the feds were weighing "criminal prosecution" against the proposed pot operations. Abandoning the Ogden memo's protections for state-sanctioned "caregivers," Haag effectively re-declared war on medical pot. "We will enforce the Controlled Substances Act vigorously against individuals and organizations that participate in unlawful manufacturing and distribution activity involving marijuana," she wrote, "even if such activities are permitted under state law." Haag's warning shot had the desired effect: Oakland quickly scuttled its plans, even though the taxes provided by the indoor grows could have single-handedly wiped out the city's $31 million deficit.

Two months later, federal prosecutors in Washington state went even further, threatening state employees responsible for implementing new regulations for pot dispensaries. U.S. attorneys sent a letter to Gov. Christine Gregoire, warning that state employees "would not be immune from liability under the Controlled Substances Act." Shocked by the threat - "It subjected Washington state employees to felony criminal prosecution!" - Gregoire vetoed the new rules. A similar federal threat in Rhode Island forced Chafee to follow suit, putting an indefinite hold on the planned opening of three state-licensed "compassion centers" to distribute marijuana to seriously ill patients.

In isolation, such moves might be seen as the work of overzealous U.S. attorneys, who operate with considerable autonomy. But last June, the Justice Department effectively declared that it was returning to the Bush administration's hard-line stance on medical marijuana. James Cole, who had replaced Ogden as deputy attorney general, wrote a memo revoking his predecessor's deference to states on the definition of "caregiver." The term, Cole insisted, applied only to "individuals providing care to individuals with cancer or other serious illnesses, not commercial operations cultivating, selling or distributing marijuana." Pot dispensaries, in short, were once again prime federal targets, even if they were following state law to the letter. "The Cole memo basically adopted the Bush policy," says Kampia, "which was only that the Justice Department will not go after individual patients."

In reality, however, the Obama administration has also put patients in the cross hairs. Last September, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms moved to deprive Americans who use medical marijuana of their gun rights. In an open letter to gun sellers, the ATF warned that it is unlawful to sell "any firearm or ammunition" to "any person who uses or is addicted to marijuana, regardless of whether his or her state has passed legislation authorizing marijuana use for me dicinal purposes." If your doctor advises you to use medicinal pot, in other words, you can no longer legally own a gun. Hunting advocates were outraged. Sen. Jon Tester, a Democrat from Montana, wrote a furious letter calling on the Justice Department to reassess its "chilling" policy, declaring it "unacceptable that law-abiding citizens would be stripped of their Second Amendment rights."

Since the federal crackdown began last year, the DEA has raided dozens of medical-cannabis dispensaries from Michigan to Montana. Haag, the U.S. attorney for Northern California, claims the federal action is necessary because the state's legalized pot dispensaries have been "hijacked by profiteers" who are nothing more than criminals.

It's true that California has no shortage of illegal pot dealers. Nonmedical marijuana is the state's largest cash crop, raking in an estimated $14 billion a year. And demand is growing, in part because former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger thwarted a ballot measure aimed at full legalization in 2010 by removing criminal penalties for possession of up to an ounce of pot. But instead of focusing limited federal resources on off-the-grid growers in places like Humboldt County, who are often armed and violent, Haag targeted Matthew Cohen, a medical-marijuana farmer in Mendocino who was growing 99 plants under the direct supervision of the county sheriff. As part of a pioneering collaboration with local law enforcement, Cohen marked each of his plants with county-supplied tags, had his secured facility inspected and distributed the marijuana he grew directly to patients in his nonprofit collective.

Cohen appeared to be precisely the kind of caregiver that the Ogden memo advised should be given safe harbor for operating in "clear and unambiguous compliance with existing state law." But last October, DEA agents stormed Cohen's farm in the middle of the night and cut down his crop. Sheriff Tom Allman, who learned of the raid on his turf only an hour before it was executed, was outraged. "Matt Cohen was not in violation of any state or local ordinances when federal agents arrived at his location," Allman says. In January, Haag took the fight to the next level, threatening county officials like Allman with federal sanctions. Three weeks later, county supervisors voted to abandon the program to license and monitor Mendocino's legal growers. "This is a huge step backward," says Allman.

Haag's treatment of urban dispensaries has been equally ham-handed. She recently shuttered one of the oldest dispensaries in the state, a nonprofit that serves a high percentage of female patients in Marin County, which has the nation's highest rate of breast cancer. She has threatened to seize the properties that landlords rent to legal pot dispensaries. And in San Francisco, she targeted Divinity Tree, a cooperative run by a quadriplegic who himself relies on prescribed cannabis for relief from near-constant muscle spasms. At a time of high unemployment and huge budget deficits, the move killed more than a dozen jobs and deprived the state of $180,000 in annual tax revenue. In San Diego alone, the feds have shut down nearly two-thirds of the county's dispensaries. Statewide, the United Food and Commercial Workers Union estimates, the federal crackdown has destroyed some 2,500 jobs in California. It also sent street prices soaring by at least 20 percent, putting more money in the hands of actual criminals.

In addition, the federal war on medical marijuana has locked pot dispensaries out of the banking system - especially in Colorado, home to the nation's second-largest market for medicinal cannabis. Top banks - including Chase, Wells Fargo and Bank of America - are refusing to do business with state-licensed dispensaries, for fear of federal prosecution for money-laundering and other federal drug crimes. In a House hearing in December, Rep. Jared Polis of Colorado warned Attorney General Holder that strong-arming banks will actually raise the likelihood of crime. If pot dispensaries have to work outside the normal financial system, Polis told Holder, "it makes the industry harder for the state to track, to tax, to regulate them, and in fact makes it prone to robberies, because it becomes a cash business."

The IRS has also joined in the administration's assault on pot dispensaries, seeking to deny them standard tax deductions enjoyed by all other businesses. Invoking an obscure provision of the tax code meant to trip up drug kingpins, the IRS now maintains that pot dispensaries can deduct only one expense - ironically, the cost of the marijuana itself. All other normal costs of doing business - including employee salaries and benefits, rent, equipment, electricity and water - have been denied.

The agency has used the provision to go after Harborside Health Center, one of the largest and most respected providers of medical cannabis in California. Its Oakland branch, serving 83,000 patients in conforming with state law, paid more than $1 million in city taxes last year - placing it in the top 10 percent of local businesses. "It's incredibly tightly run and very, very professional," says Nadelmann of the Drug Policy Alliance. "But it's also big - and it may be that big is bad as far as the feds are concerned." Slapped with an IRS bill for $2.5 million in back taxes, Harborside now faces bankruptcy. "It's profoundly inaccurate to characterize us as a 'drug-trafficking' organization," says Harborside president Steve DeAngelo. "We are a nonprofit community-service organization that helps sick and suffering people get the medicine they need to be well. This is not an attempt to tax us - it's an attempt to tax us out of existence."

Supporters of medical marijuana are baffled by Obama's abrupt about-face on the issue. Some blame the federal crackdown not on the president, but on career drug warriors determined to go after medical pot. "I don't think the federal onslaught is being driven by the highest levels of the White House," says Nadelmann. "What we need is a clear statement from the White House that federal authorities will defer to responsible local regulation."

The White House, for its part, insists that its position on medical pot has been "clear and consistent." Asked for comment, a senior administration official points out that the Ogden memo was never meant to protect "such things as large-scale, privately owned industrial marijuana cultivation centers" like the one in Oakland. But the official makes no attempt to explain why the administration has permitted a host of federal agencies to revive the Bush-era policy of targeting state-approved dispensaries. "Somewhere in the administration, a decision was made that it would be better to close down legal, regulated systems of access for patients and send them back to the street, back to criminals," says DeAngelo. "That's what's really at stake."

The administration's retreat on medical pot is certainly consistent with its broader election-year strategy of seeking to outflank Republicans on everything from free trade to offshore drilling. Obama's advisers may be betting that a tough-on-pot stance will shore up the president's support among seniors in November, as well as voters in Southern swing states like Virginia and North Carolina that are less favorable to drug reform. But the president could pay a steep price for his anti-pot crackdown this fall, particularly if it winds up alienating young voters in swing states like Colorado, where two-thirds of residents support medical marijuana. In November, Colorado voters will likely consider a referendum to legalize all pot use for adults - and undercutting enthusiasm for the issue will only dampen turnout that could benefit the president. "Medical marijuana is twice as popular as Obama," notes Kampia. "It doesn't make any political sense."

The sharpest and most surprising rebuke to the administration has come from centrist governors who are fed up with the war on medicinal pot. In November, Gregoire and Chafee issued a bipartisan petition to the DEA, asking the agency to reclassify marijuana as a Schedule II drug, the same as cocaine and meth - one with a recognized medicinal value, despite its high potential for abuse. "It's time to show compassion, and it's time to show common sense," says Gregoire. "We call on the federal government to end the confusion and the unsafe burden on patients."

A petition by two sitting governors is historic - but it's unlikely to shift federal policy. Last June, after a nine-year delay, the Obama administration denied a similar petition. An official at the Department of Health and Human Services left little hope for reclassification, reiterating the Bush-era position that there is "no accepted medical use for marijuana in the United States."

For law-enforcement officials who handle marijuana on the front lines, such attitudes highlight how out of touch the administration has become. "Whether you call it medical or recreational, the marijuana genie is out of the bottle, and there's no one who's going to put it back in," insists Sheriff Allman of Mendocino, whose department had been targeted by federal prosecutors for its attempts to regulate medical pot. "For federal officials who plug their ears and say, 'No, it's not true, it's not true,' I have some words for them: You need to get over it."

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

DPF Conferences 1988-2000

DPF's Arnold Trebach and Kevin Zeese

Drug Policy Foundation Conferences

1988 - need


The Impact of Repeal: The Overall Picture; The Politics of Repeal: Obstacles and Possibilities; New Treatment Options After Repeal; Safer Streets After Repeal; Rights and Privacy After Repeal; The Impact of Legalization Upon Producer Countries; Therapeutic Potential of Schedule 1 Drugs; Models for Regulation; Preventing AIDS in a Legalized Society; The Workplace After Prohibition; The Economic and political Impact of Legalization on Consumer Countries; The Impact of Repeal on the Use of Crack and Cocaine; What are the real lessons of alcohol prohibition? Ending Marijuana Prohibition : A Place to Start; Repeal No, the British System Yes; Enforcing Regulation After Repeal; Treatment of Organic Diseases and Pain in a Post Repeal Society; Effective Taxation in a Legalized World Prohibitions Secret: Controlled Drug Use; Lessons from Today’s Legal Drugs; The Effect of Repeal on the Administration of Criminal Justice Education After Repeal; Overcoming International Obstacles to Repeal; Harm Reduction After Repeal


Welcoming Remarcks (Trebach); Public Officials Speak Out (Zeese, Schmoke, Galiber, Walton, Weddle); the Learned Professions Speak Out; … Drugs, Violence and Crime; Crack, Part 1: Myths and Mystifications; Marijuana’s Utility Beyond Medicine; Is Europe Going Dutch?; The Growing Threat of Drug Testing; Alternative Models of Reform; Crack, Part 2: A Cross-Cultural Perspective; The Effects of the Drug War on Medical Treatment; Preventing Drug Abuse Through Education; Impact of the Drug War on Civil Liberties; The Importance of the International Reform Movement; Video Shows: Cops on the Take; and Marijuana as Medicine (Randall, Grinspoon, El Sohly Andrew Weil; Richard Dennis); Plenary An International Assessment of the Drug War; Workshops: Psychophamacology of Drugs; Addiction: Is it a Disease?; Problems Caused in East-West Relations by Prohibitionist; The Psychology and Sociology of the Negative View of the Drug User; Video: Burning the Bill of Rights?; Legalization … How? (Ricahrd Dennis; Richard Cowan; David Boaz, Ethan Nadelmann); Workshops: Needle Exchange Prevents Spread of AIDS; A Public Health Strategy in Drug Control; Racism in the War on Drugs; The Military’s Role in the Drug War;


Plenaries: The State of the Drug War and the Foundation (Trebach); The Harmful Effects of the Drug War on the Underclass; New Frontiers: The International Scene; Organizational Meetings; Workshops: Drug Policy & Moral Authority; Community Mobilization Against Drugs; International Drug Informational Datebases; Social Sources of Drug Abuse: What Are the Connections?; Drug Offenders: The Personal Dimensions; Lessons From History; The Threat of Drug Warriors in Latin America; Ethics of Drug War Research; The Mobilization of Addicts to Protect their Welfare; The Challenge of Legal Drugs; Drug Testing: The Continuing Crisis; Needle Exchange: An Act of Humanity; The Economics of Prohibition; Elect, Mech & Distortion by Drug Leaders & Institutions; Marijuana for Recreation & Relaxation; Reform Models; Drugs & Crime; Medical Marijuana: The Continuing Crisis; Mothers, Drugs & Fetuses; Assault on Methadone Maintenance; Pain Control: Finally Some Victories; The Clergy’s Role in Creating a Humane Drug Policy; Plenaries: Hysteria and Lies in the Service of the Drug War (Marsha Rosenbaum, Craig Reinarman, Lyn Zimmer, Steven Wisotsky, Thomas Szasz); Milton Friedman: On Liberty and Drugs: Workshops: Practical Political Reform; The Rhetoric of Legalization & Prohibition; Needle Exchange: The Battle Continues; The Disproportionate Effect of the Drug War on Minorities; Straight, Inc. & & other Treatment Cults; Prison Crisis: No More Room in the Big House; International Issues; The Cocaine/Crack Scene; Drugs & Mind Expansion; Assault on Methadone Maintenance; Disappearing Legal Rights; Legislative Strategies Drug Policy Reform; Plenaries: Opening Remarcks (Trebach); Use of the Military Against U.S. Citizens in Marijuana Enforcement, Drug Courier Profiles and Roadblock Searches; Use of Expert Witnesses in Dug Cases; The Necessity Defense and Medical Marijuana Cases; The Necessity Defense of Needle Exchange; The Death Penalty and Drug Prosecutions; Challenging the Suspension of Drivers licensees in Drug Cases; Defense of Cocaine Using Pregnant Women; Evictions from Public Housing; Drug Testing Results and Criminal Prosecutions; Anti-Loitering and Curfew Laws; Plenaries: Hysteria add Lies in the Service of the Drug War; Milton Friedman; The View from the Bench; The Drug War and the Constitution; Double Punishment in Drug Cases: Civil Forfeiture; The Impact of Mandatory Sentencing;


International Currents: Is the Tide Changing?; Drug Users Promoting Risk-Reduction Among Their Own; How to Build a Community Based Drug Policy Action Group; Implications of the Drug War for Legal Principles; The Marijuana User and Grower in Perspective; Cocaine: Trade and Policy; Medicalization: Is it Really Preferable to Criminalization? Attacks on Criminal Defense Lawyers; Drug Education and Youth; Politics of the Disease Concept; Effective Media Strategies and Tactics; The Methadone Option; Alcohol a& Alcoholism: Characteristics of Treatment; Marijuana & Toxicity; Sentencing Consideration; Harm Reduction and Public Health; Victims, Scapegoats and Heroes: The Drug War and the Media; Public Perceptions of the Disease Model; Pharmacology Frontiers; Is the Drug War Aborting Women’s Rights; Ethical Issues in Defense; Protecting Your Clients from the Results of Unreasonable searches; Drug Testing; Meet and Critique the Authors; Needle Exchange: Programs and Politics; Influence State and Local Governments; The Americas: Is the U.S. Exporting Its Problems?; The Topology of a Battle Site: The Emergency Room; Methadone, Heroin and the Community; Revolution on the Bench; Prosecutions of Doctors for Their Presenting Practices; American Cities at War; Addicts Past and Present: How do Current Laws Impact Their Lives?; Drug Prohibition and Legalization: The Economic Perspective; Medical Marijuana: The 20 Years War; assessing Treatment Effectiveness; Therapeutic Potentials for Psychoactive Drugs; Handling Complex Cases; The Thought Police; The Rhetoric of the Drug War; Crisis at Home: The Victimization of Users, Addicts and Their Families; Drug War Profiteering; Doctoring in the Drug War; Legal Seminar Keynote Speeches;


Smart Drugs: Fact or Fiction?; Free Market vs. The Public Health Model; Strategies for Drug Harm Reduction; Disease in the Addict Community; Practicalities of Pre-trial Release; How Should Marijuana Be Made Available as Medicine?; Community Policing: Tool of the War on Drugs?; Substance Abusing Women: An International Perspective; Methadone Maintenance in an Age of HIV and Tuberculosis; Ethical Issues in Drug Cases; Rhetoric of the Drug War; Addictophobia: Impediment to Drug Policy Reform; Latin American Perspective; AIDS and Needle Exchange; Federal Sentencing; Drug Policy, Human Rights and Democracy; Syringe Exchange: What Does Power Have to DO With It?; Meet the Author: A Discussion With Lester Grinspoon, M.D.; Matching in Psychotherapy: Optimizing Treatment Approach and Therapist Mix; Forfeiture; Plenary Can Clinton Make A Difference?; Plenary Women Caught in the Crossfire; Taking A Measure of Drug Policy Reform; Conflicting Visions of Drug Policy Reform; Positive Perspectives on Marijuana; Perinatal Addiction: Not an Issue for Virgins; Investing in Children and Youth: Reconstructing our Inner Cities; Dutch Drug Policy: Past, Present, and Future; From Drug Policy to Pharmaceutical Development: Schedule I Controlled Substances for Therapeutic Application; Adolescent Treatment; Perinatal Addiction: Not an Issue for Virgins;


The State of the Reform Movement; Mandatory Minimum Sentencing; Human Rights: The Crucial Next Stage; Addicts in the Reform Movement; The Moral and Religious Dimensions; Beyond Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine; The War on Reproductive Rights; Workshops: Is the Media Catching On?; The Historic Cocaine Report of the World Health Organization; Marijuana& First Amendment Issues; The Health Profession in the Midst of the Drug War; The Clinton Administration in Review; U.S> Tolerance of Drug Use: Translating Harm Reduction; Psychedelics: The Exception to the Drug Abuse Paradigm; Methadone Maintenance: Old Problems, New Challenges; Legal Development on the International Scene; Needle Exchange: Practicalities of Implementation; Harm Reduction Principles & Practice; The Canadian Drug Scene; Health Professional Round Table; The Use and Misuse of Informant’s; Plenaries: Reform Organizations: The Next Generation; Pain Control: Helping The Saddest Victims of the War on Drugs; Workshops: The Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report Centennial; The Milton S. Eisenhower Foundation: 25th Anniversary Report; Police Perspectives on the Drug War; The Controversy Surrounding Acupuncture in the Treatment of Drug Abuse: What Do We Really Know?; Drug Use Among Students: Casual Assumptions & Prevention Programs; Needle Exchange- The Street Experience; The Normal User of Illicit Drugs: A Contradiction in Terms or a Silent Majority?; The Medicalization of Ibogaine; Double Jeopardy in Forfeiture Cases;


State of the Foundation & Movement; State of the Nation: Drug Policy Amidst the Conservative Revolution; Reform Around the World; The Swiss Experiment; Workshops: ….; Plenaries: Pacific Rim & Asian Reform; Drugs and Minority Communities; Cannabis Update 1995; Plenaries: Helping Patients in Pain (Trebach); Youth Speak Out: Drugs, AIDS & Violence; Plenary; Workshops: …. COCA 95- A Necessary Drug Policy Alternative from Abroad …


Plenaries: Drug Policy and the White House; An Invitation to the Leaders in Medicine; Judges & the War on Drugs; Luncheon address by Hugh Downs; Workshops: Harm Reduction & the Criminal Justice System; Health Professionals for Reform; Programs for At Risk Youth; Lobbying: Capitol Hill and Beyond; Methodone Prescription in Medical Practice; The History of Dutch Drug Policy; Drug Policy in Asia & the Pacific Rim; Drug Policy in South America; Book Signing Dan Baum Smoke and Mirrors; This Is Your Brain on Drugs: Research in Neuroscience; A Hard Look at Hard Drugs: Legalizers Achilles Heal; DC Needle Exchange Coalition; Female Drug Abusers & Violence Against Women; Civil Forfeiture: A Drug War Money Maker; Drug Policy in Victoria, Australia; Drug Use, Treatment & the Mentally Ill-Debate; Debate: Treatment vs. Non-Treatment; Why Drug Policy Reform Won’t Work; Benefits of Illicit Substances; Drug Policy: Sex, Race and Class; Changing Minds in Effective Ways; Theories of Drug Use and Control; The Role of Physicians in the WOD; Mothers in Prison, Children in Crisis: Campaign 96

1997 - need … Cocaine Round-Table …


(partial- need the rest of it)

Where Does Drug Policy Reform Need to Go?; International Developments; Marihuana Policy Update; New Tactics and Technology; Keeping It Real: Campus Activism in the Virtual Age; DPF Priorities in Action; Drug Testing: Research & Reason; Ecstasy Research; Internet Organizing; History Panel (included Rufus King- his final appearance)


Plenaries: Opening Remarks (Lampi, Glasser, Nadelmann, Schmoke) Federal Legislative Reform; State Legislative Reform (Rob Kampia); How to Win at Reform Using the Internet & E-Comm; Workshops: State Ballot Initiatives; Models for Community Organizing; Drug Testing: Beyond the Workplace; Separating Cannabis from the Drug War; Syringe Deregulation: Pharmacy and Paraphernalia Regulations; Workshops: The Drug War and Communities of Color; Growing Your Organization; Building a State Harm Reduction Movement; Moving from Activism to Political Advocacy; Strategies for Making the Most of Your Work in Election Years; Parents, Teens & Drug Education; The Truth about Club Drugs: Raves, Youth & Harm Reduction; Luncheon Keynote Address Rep. Barney Frank; Mothers Behind Bars; Workshops: Medical Marijuana: Distribution and Police; Pregnancy and Drugs; Innovative Domestic Programs; Using the Media to Advance Your Cause; Preventing Heroin Overdose; Strategies for Addressing Police Misconduct; The Americanization of Drug Polices Abroad; International Innovative Programs

In July 2001, the Drug Policy Foundation and the Lindesmith Institute merged, becoming the Drug Policy Alliance.