Sunday, March 30, 2008

Pharmacratic Inquisition Opposition: U.S. Sen. Jacob H. Gallinger

From my unpublished manuscript "Coca- Forgotten Medicine"

U.S. Senator Jacob H. Gallinger from the State of New Hampshire, who entered the Senate March 4, 1891, and served 27 years until his death, August 17, 1918)

Gallinger, Jacob Harold (1837-1918) — also known as Jacob H. Gallinger — of Concord, Merrimack County, N.H. Born in Cornwall, Ontario, March 28, 1837. Son of Jacob Gallinger and Catherine (Cook) Gallinger; married 1860 to Mary Anna Bailey. Republican. Physician; member of New Hampshire state house of representatives, 1872-73, 1891; delegate to New Hampshire state constitutional convention, 1876; member of New Hampshire state senate, 1878-80 (4th District 1878-79, 10th District 1879-80); New Hampshire Republican state chair, 1882-90, 1898-1907; delegate to Republican National Convention from New Hampshire, 1888, 1900, 1904, 1908; U.S. Representative from New Hampshire 2nd District, 1885-89; U.S. Senator from New Hampshire, 1891-1918; died in office 1918; member of Republican National Committee from New Hampshire, 1902-04. Died in Franklin, Merrimack County, N.H., August 17, 1918. Interment at Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord, N.H.

V. Congress, Homeopathy, and the HPUS

Shortly after the AIH acted in 1908 to strengthen the HPUS, Senator Jacob H. Gallinger (R-NH) a prominent antivivisectionist and champion of various reform causes, sponsored an amendment to the 1906 Act that would have recognized the HPUS alongside the NF and USP [59]. Gallinger was a homeopathic physician with a degree from the New York Homeopathic College and served as New Hampshire's surgeon general before entering politics [60]. Although the amendment was defeated, Gallinger became minority leader of the Senate in 1912. At that time, there was a concerted effort to repeal the variation clause that had authorized standards other than those of the USP and NF under the law [61]. He reintroduced the amendment recognizing the HPUS following hearings on the variation clause. The HPUS amendment was rejected by the medical profession and scorned by Harvey Wiley, father of the 1906 Act, and neither it nor the repeal of the variation clause was enacted [62]. Gallinger's death in 1918 left the AIH without a prominent sponsor to continue the political fight for recognition of the HPUS. It was not until another homeopath arrived in Congress, nearly a decade later, that the initiative was revived.

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